Traumatic brain injury: What you should know

Traumatic brain injuries can cause serious cognitive damage to people who have been involved in a car accident or another type of tragic incident.

People who have been involved in a serious car accident in Louisiana may suffer from several injuries and/or conditions, including broken bones, lacerations and spinal cord damage. Traumatic brain injuries are also somewhat common amongst people who have experienced a forceful impact to the head. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, traumatic brain injuries contribute to approximately 30 percent of all injury fatalities in the country. While car accidents are the third-leading cause of TBI-related injuries, brain trauma can be caused by slip-and-fall accidents and other incidents involving a hit to the head. Although brain injuries range from mild to severe, any type of injury to the brain has the potential of causing long-term cognitive damage.

What are traumatic brain injuries?

Brain trauma can occur when a forceful impact to the head causes the brain to hit against the inside of the skull cavity. It can also occur when an object pierces the skull and damages the brain tissue. The brain tissue may become bruised and begin to bleed. This paired with swelling and inflammation can cause an increase in pressure within the skull. The swelling may continue for several days following the incident and may result in further brain damage.

Identifying the symptoms

Traumatic brain injuries may be obvious or they may be hard to diagnose, depending on the area of the brain that is affected, as well as the severity of the impact. In severe cases, TBI victims may go unconscious, experience seizures or have long-term sensory deficits as a result of brain trauma. Other cases may be less severe, and may only show in the form of a headache or dizziness. TBIs, however, can cause nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, sudden mood changes and sleeping problems. They may also make it difficult for a person to concentrate, or even return to work in certain situations.

Treatment options

People who have traumatic brain injuries may have to undergo surgery to repair damaged tissue or ruptured vessels, and may require long-term medical treatment. In mild to moderate cases, the TBI victim may show significant improvement with occupational, speech, physical and cognitive therapy. Since every person and injury is unique, each person may heal differently and have varying results from treatment.

Legal help may be necessary

If you suffer from a traumatic brain injury as a result of another person's negligence, you may be wondering where to turn next. You may want to find an experienced attorney in Louisiana to look over the details of your case and help you explore your legal options. A personal injury lawyer may offer essential assistance when it comes to receiving compensation for your injuries.